COASTAL LETTERS Newsletter of the Coastal & Marine Geography Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers

Volume 10, No. 1 January, 1998


Specialty Group Officers
Editor's Comments
Coma-Sponsored Sessions in Boston
Call for Author Nominations
Call for Award Nominations
R.J. Russell: Coastal Enthusiast
Musings from the Chair
Media Update
Get to Know Your Officers
News from Members and Departments
Coma Membership Demographics
Upcoming Conferences


Paul Gares, Chair
Department of Geography
East Carolina University
Greenville, NC 27858
(919) 328-6054

Richard Daniels, Vice Chair
Shorelands/Dept of Ecology
P.O. Box 47690
Olympia, WA 98504
(360) 407-6427

Dorothy Sack, Secretary-Treasurer
Department of Geography
122 Clippinger Labs
Ohio University
Athens, OH 45701
(740) 593-1149

Wayne Engstrom, Member of the Board of Directors
Geography Department
California State University Fullerton Fullerton, CA 92634-9480
(714) 773-3161

Harry Jol, Member of the Board of Directors
Department of Geography
University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
105 Garfield Avenue
Eau Claire, WI 54702-4004
(715) 836-3244

Donald Zeigler, Member of the Board of Directors
5584 Herbert Moore Rd.
Virginia Beach, VA 23462
(804) 683-3841

EDITOR'S COMMENTS--by Dorothy Sack

Welcome to all of you who have recently joined the Coastal and Marine Geography Specialty Group (Coma). Whether you are a new or long-standing member, please consider attending our specialty group business meeting this year in Boston (March 27, 6:45 p.m.) as well as Coma-sponsored paper sessions. It's a great way to get involved.
Thanks to everyone who provided items for this newsletter. I am especially grateful to Jess Walker for taking the time to write the wonderful piece on R.J. Russell for us. It is important to be reminded occasionally of why the specialty group's R.J. Russell Award for major contributions to our field was so named.
Finally, since I will be stepping down as secretary-treasurer when my term is up in March, I will take this opportunity to thank you all for helping to make these last three years of service a pleasant and rewarding experience.


1. Political Ecology of Marine Resources I, Thursday, March 26, 2:45 - 4:05 p.m.--(co-sponsored with Socialist Geography)
Becky Mansfield, Univ. of Oregon, The Social Construction of Marine Space: The Pacific Groundfish Fishery Barbara Walker, UC-Berkeley, Women with Mango, Women without Fish: Engendering Development in Polynesia Xanthippe Augerot, Oregon State Univ., Competing Conceptions of Salmon Management in the North Pacific Carolyn Trist, UC-Berkeley, Contesting the Reserve: The Politics of Marine Science in St Lucia

2. Political Ecology of Marine Resources II, Thursday, March 26, 4:45 - 6:05 p.m.--(co-sponsored with Socialist Geography)
Karen Nichols, Rutgers Univ., International Coastal Management Politics: Discourse, Practice, and Implications in Sri Lanka Tira Foran, UC-Berkeley, Can No-Take Marine Reserves Help a Troubled Pacific Fishery? Heidi Glaesel, Mt Holyoke College, The Expansion of Rogue Technologies in East Africa's Marine Environment Lara A. Davis, Univ. of Washington, Shifting Resources, Shifting Bodies: Fishing for Constructions of Space in the Pacific Northwest

3. Coastal Geomorphology I, Saturday, March 28, 7:30 - 9:10 a.m.-- (co-sponsored with Geomorphology)
Matthew Foote and Diane Horn, Birkbeck College-University of London, High-Resolution Water Surface Measurements in the Swash Zone Jun Ren and Norbert Psuty, Rutgers Univ., Changes in Sediment Budget at the Critical Zone, Sandy Hook, NJ Eugene Farrell and Douglas Sherman, Univ. of Southern California, Mass Flux Profiles in Aeolian Saltation Systems Paul Gares, East Carolina Univ., and Norbert Psuty, Rutgers Univ., Spatial Variation in Dune Response to a Coastal Storm Nancy Jackson, NJ Inst. Technology, Karl Nordstrom, Rutgers Univ., and Valerie Spalding, NJ Inst. Technology, Classification of a Developed Coastal Barrier

4. Coastal Geomorphology II, Saturday, March 28, 9:30 - 10:45 a.m.-- (co-sponsored with Geomorphology)
Steven Namikas, Univ. of Southern California, A Field Investigation of Aeolian Saltation Brian Andrews, East Carolina Univ., GIS Analysis of Topographic Change in Outer Banks Dunes Jinkang Wang and Douglas Sherman, Univ. of Southern California, Field Experiment on Beach Cusp Development at Malin Head, Ireland Brian Bender and Thomas Terich, Western Washington Univ., The Holocene Geomorphic and Stratigraphic Evolution of Cape Shoalwater, Washington Jennifer Rahn, Univ. of Florida, Fifty Years of Coastal Barrier Island Change in the Florida Panhandle

5. Coastal Geomorphology III, Saturday, March 28, 1:15 - 2:45 p.m.-- (co-sponsored with Geomorphology)
Phillip Chaney and Gregory Stone, Louisiana State Univ., Wind and Nearshore Dynamics Associated with Soundside Erosion: West Ship Island, MS Tammie Middleton, East Carolina Univ., Impact of Nearshore Processes on Microtidal Lagoonal Beach, Roanoke Island Valerie Spalding, NJ Inst. of Technology, Shoreline Armoring Effects on Coastal Geomorphology and Meiofauna in Raritan Bay, NJ Michael Craghan, Rutgers Univ., Geomorphically Immaterial Estuarine Flooding in Built Areas John Dobosiewicz, Rutgers Univ., The Vulnerability of an Urban Estuary to Coastal Flooding Alon Yaari, Univ. of Southern California, Modeling Potential Wind-Wave Erosion in the Sacramento Delta


The United Nations General Assembly has designated 1998 as the International year of the Ocean (YOTO).

CALL FOR AUTHOR NOMINATIONS--Coastal & Marine Geography, the 21st Century

Those in attendance at our last business meeting established the author selection process for the specialty group's coastal and marine geography chapter in Geography in America--the 21st Century. It was decided that the author or co-authors of the chapter be nominated from the membership at large. Due to the diverse nature of our specialty group, which includes a broad spectrum of human and physical, coastal, marine, and lacustrine geographers, it was suggested that two to four co-authors would be most practical.
Nominated co-authors must be formally selected by the end of our 1998 specialty group business meeting so that those individuals can meet with the volume's editors in Boston to discuss content, format, and logistics. At the 1999 annual meeting (Honolulu), the authors will present a draft of their chapter as a paper in a special session, with the final volume scheduled to appear in 2000. Selected authors, therefore, must be regular attendees of the AAG annual meetings. Nominations can be mailed or emailed in advance of the Boston meeting to Coma secretary Dorothy Sack.


Rich Daniels, Coma vice chair, has announced that nominations for this year's R.J. Russell Award will be accepted until February 21. This specialty group award is presented in recognition of an individual's major contributions to the field of coastal or marine geography. These contributions may be in research, teaching, public service, and/or to the specialty group. Previous awardees include Jess Walker (1991), Filmore Earney (1992), Norb Psuty (1993), Karl Nordstrom (1996), and Doug Sherman (1997). Letters of nomination are accepted from Coma members, but nominees do not have to be members of either the specialty group or the AAG. Contact Rich Daniels (address on p. 1) to nominate an individual, or for further information. Read on for an interesting and informative account of who Russell was and what his connections were to coastal and marine geography.


When one considers R.J. Russell's upbringing, education, and early interests, it is somewhat surprising that today he is remembered mainly for his floodplain and coastal research. Richard Joel Russell was born in California in 1895 and, although he spent part of his youth (between the ages of four and eight) in Hawaii, his grade school and high school training took place at the foot of the Coastal Range in Hayward, California. He had plenty of opportunity to look west at the Hayward mudflats (some of which were in Russellville, a town on San Francisco Bay named after his grandfather), but instead headed for the hills and mountains every chance he had. His high school training included a course in physical geography which used a textbook by Wm. Morris Davis, thus he was indoctrinated early with the Davisian approach to landscape development. He was precocious--learning to type at nine, photographing the San Francisco earthquake (1906) at 11, publishing an article on the printing of color photographs at 17, and winning an automobile race (60 m.p.h.) at 19.
He loved hiking, horses, and mountains and, when it came time to decide on a career, chose forestry, which could combine all three of those outdoor activities. With this interest in mind he enrolled at the University of California-Berkeley in the College of geology and obtained his first degree in vertebrate paleontology. While working on his doctorate, Russell spent four summers studying the structure and stratigraphy of the Warner Range in northeastern California. He was destined to become a structural geologist and indeed several of his earliest papers fit into that category. However, during that same period of time, Russell taught in Carl O. Sauer's geography department, went into the field with Wm. M. Davis, and began research in climatology.
In 1926, the year he received his doctorate, Russell joined Texas Tech as an Associate Professor. Because of Russell's training, Texas Tech was probably a more logical place for him than Louisiana State University, but when his old colleague and friend, Henry Howe, asked him to join him in developing a strong, broad-based School at LSU, Russell readily accepted. With a very catholic view toward science, Russell enjoyed teaching a variety of courses. Further, he especially relished field work, an endeavor that became a hallmark of the School and an activity which Russell engaged in until the last year of his life (1971).
Russell remarked that coming to Louisiana was a physiographic shock. The Mississippi floodplain was a form he had not thought about except as an example of Davis' "old age," which, as he noted later, "is a misnomer because the Mississippi floodplain is among the youngest of all landforms." The shock soon wore off and Russell immersed himself in low-lying, wet-land environmental research. During his first 28 out of 43 years at LSU, he concentrated on alluvial morphology, the Quaternary Period, sea-level change, and deltaic physiography. These studies established Russell as a leader among students of rivers, floodplains, and deltas throughout the middle five decades of the 20th century.
Russell wrote that when he discovered that alluvial morphology is an exciting field of research he discovered "a new way of life!" Russell's (1933) first Louisiana paper, "Larto Lake, an Old Mississippi River Channel," led to his classic volume, "Physiography of the Lower Mississippi River Delta" (1936). In it, he discussed load-induced subsidence and, with H. Howe, the Gulf Coast geosyncline. In that volume Russell also discussed the rapid rate of coastal retreat in Louisiana, a retreat that, based on many of the articles published today, is considered a "recent discovery." In those early days Russell expanded his base and included research on other rivers, such as the Rhone in France and the Meander in Turkey.
Much of Russell's early research was concerned with deltas. However, in Russell's mind at the time, they were not so much a coastal feature as an extension of a river floodplain. It was not until Russell turned 60 that he seriously turned to coastal research. He thought it was time for a change and so "embarked on ... the investigation of possible relationships between mineral composition and beach morphology." He selected the Lesser Antilles as the location to begin his studies because they possess volcanic, organic, and quartz-sand beaches. On his way to the International Geographical Congress in Brazil in 1956 he stopped at six of the area's islands. On St. Lucia, he was introduced to beach rock by two colleagues. Not being one to pass up an interesting challenge, Russell delved into the study of beach rock, which was to occupy much of his research time for the next seven years.
During that seven years Russell, often with Wm. G. McIntire, visited many of the West Indians islands, Hawaii, Fiji, Cocos Keeling, Mauritius, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and those Mediterranean coasts where beach rock is present. He wrote at least eight papers on the subject and in most them the importance of the water table on beach-rock formation was emphasized. Indeed, he was still researching the importance of the water table on coastal development at the time of his death--his last paper, "Water-Table Effects on Sea Coasts" (1971) was published posthumously.
Although most of Russell's coastal work was with sandy beaches he did study to some extent fine-grained beaches and cliffy coasts. One of his premises was that "any morphological feature associated directly with an existing sea level must have originated in an amazingly short time," an idea he used in connection with his paper "Recent Recession of Tropical Cliffy Coasts," which was published in Science. Because of his cliffy-coast research, Russell argued for a relatively stable still-stand sea level for the past 10,000 years. He was also interested in Quaternary sea levels and in that connection studied elevated notches, especially in Oahu and Jamaica.
A logical extension of Russell's interest in beach rock was the study of algal and coral flats. In his tropical travels he noted many locations where algae coated coastal rocks of different types. An advocate of precise, terminology, Russell thought the term coral reef should be limited to those reefs where corals are in the same relative positions they had when alive and that a reef flat is composed of fragmental reef debris and is normally found landward of the active reef.
Although most people will remember R.J. Russell for his research, especially riverine and coastal, there are some other characteristics that should be noted. He was an administrator (Dean of the Graduate School at LSU for 12 years), he was an organizer (creating Coastal Studies Institute in 1954), he was a leader (becoming president of both the Association of American Geographers [1948] and the Geological Society of America [1957]), and he was frequently honored (becoming a member of the National Academy of Sciences [1959] and a recipient of numerous other honors).
Russell, first and foremost, was a scientist. He wrote that a "scientist is motivated by curiosity." He enjoyed discovering facts, speculating about their meanings, drawing conclusions, and publishing the results. He believed that scientists have an obligation to share their ideas and subject them to scrutiny and evaluation. To his students and colleagues he said "go into the field with enthusiasm" and study some of the many interesting features that are so abundant in all environments. For many of us the coast is the logical place to continue our efforts "with enthusiasm."


I'm excited! This is my first contribution to the chair's column. Dorothy is probably grinding her teeth because I dragged out writing this until after winter break, delaying the newsletter. Sorry Dorothy.... Thank you for your patience. I contemplated the topic of this column for several days before I sat down to produce this. I admit I was searching for inspiration.
This has the potential to be an exciting year for coastal and marine geography. As a specialty group, we need to identify an author or authors to write our chapter for Geography in America--the 21st Century, the AAG's current effort to provide an overview of the entire field of geography. All of our members will be asked to evaluate what the author(s) produce. We also now have a web page, which should allow better communication among our members. Go there periodically to see what's going on. Finally (to put in a shameless plug), Doug Sherman and I have the honor of organizing this year's Binghamton Geomorphology Symposium, which will deal with coastal geomorphology. We feel that the conference should be a catalyst for bringing together coastal scientists from several disciplines to foster the exchange of information.
None of the above items are foremost on my mind tonight. Today was the first day of classes this term at ECU. I'm teaching Coastal Geography as I have for most of the last five or six spring semesters. When I walked into class I saw 20-25 students, significantly more than in previous semesters. I wondered why. Several were geography majors, perhaps there to help fulfill the requirement to have three physical geography courses. Many, though, were students who had not yet committed themselves to a major. Maybe this will be an opportunity to convince students that geography is the place for them. As I launched into my introduction to the field I asked, "What does the study of geography involve?" The response was silence ... a long silence. I wondered what to do next; how do I encourage them to talk? I thought of a recent newspaper article that had reported on attitudes of first-year college students. When asked what they hoped to get from a college education, the overwhelming response had been "a job." I wondered what response I'd get from these students, so I asked the same question. One of the students who I already knew answered ... "to get a job." I was disappointed. I asked "what else?" Finally, someone said, "to get an education." I launched off on the difference between getting an education and getting a job. This, of course, reflects my own education and upbringing. My parents and professors encouraged me to be a student first. Very little was said about a job. I wasn't intending to be a lawyer, a bank teller, or a sales clerk. I was in college to get educated. But, you know, I don't recall how that happened. I do know I hung out with friends and talked about interesting stuff ... philosophy, ideas, the world we lived in.... What do college kids talk about today? What happened to education? At ECU, we have a College of Arts and Sciences and a number of professional schools, which have high enrollments. Are those students here to get a job or to get an education? What is the role of a college or university? Is it to help students find jobs or to get educations? And if we agree it's the latter, how do we encourage that in an atmosphere that emphasizes the former?
I suggested to the students in my class that they try to be inquisitive; that they come to class looking for ways to be interested in the topics that we're covering. I suggested they look for books that spark their interests; that they read for intellectual curiosity. I didn't assign, but I suggested they read, The Perfect Storm, a story so extraordinary that I thought it would hook them. It's something that I recommend to all coastal and marine geographers and process geomorphologists. A couple of students actually wrote the title down.... Maybe I reached them.
I wonder how those of us who are professors reach our students? I think they are why we are in this profession. Sure, we enjoy research, field work, and writing, but is that journal article as valuable a contribution as reaching a student and awakening their intellectual curiosity? I don't know the answers to these issues. I just wonder about them, as most of us probably do. I suggest that through discussion of these issues we can develop a better understanding of the nature of a college education. We need to exchange ideas, be open with each other, and discuss what it takes to encourage students to strive for an education. For last year's AAG meeting, Joann Mossa organized a session about teaching coastal geography. I suggest we do more of that. Let's find ways to exchange information about teaching coastal and marine geography so that our students will become excited and will want an education first, and a job eventually.



Slide Compilation Project--
Joann Mossa and Wayne Engstrom are getting the specialty group's slide compilation project off the ground. They would like to receive copies of your favorite coastal and marine geography slides, which they will compile into thematic collections. The goal is to offer the sets for sale, for an estimated $1 per slide, with profits going back to the specialty group. By providing slides for the project, a specialty group member will receive discounted or even free slide sets, depending on the number of slides contributed. For each of your slides used in a set, you will receive a 20% discount on that set, thus if five of your slides are used you may obtain that set for free. The slides may be conceptual, illustrative, verbal, field-oriented, ground or aerial, and an individual may contribute up to twenty different slides. With each, please include a brief caption that explains what, where, and when as well as any sources. For more information contact Joann Mossa, P.O. Box 117315, Department of Geography, 3141 Turlington Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611-7315, or Wayne Engstrom, whose address is listed on the first page of this newsletter.

Video Critiques

Do you use any videos when teaching coastal or marine geography? Don Zeigler suggests that the specialty group assemble an annotated list of coastal and marine videos, to be posted on our web site. Next time you show or view a coastal or marine video, take a moment to jot down its title and its strengths and weaknesses. Send this information to Don or to Paul Gares (addresses on p. 1) for posting on the web site.


Don Zeigler was elected to a two-year term on the specialty group's board of directors at the 1997 business meeting. He is a professor of geography at Old Dominion University, which occupies a campus overlooking Hampton Roads harbor and is located only 18 miles from the open ocean.
Don decided to pursue a master's degree at the University of Rhode Island primarily because it was near the coast. While there, he acquired his interest in marine geography, with a strong law-of-the-sea flair. His doctoral work at Michigan State, however, gave him a three-year respite from the sea. Now a resident of Virginia Beach, he is back "home."
Don has been teaching a course in marine geography since he arrived at Old Dominion in 1980. That course spawned his Coastal Geography class in 1995, and an offering on Port Geography may come on line in the future.
Most of Don's research has been in technological hazards and urban geography. Even this research, however, has had a coastal dimension. Four of the nuclear power sites he has worked on (Shoreham on Long Island, Oyster Point in New Jersey, Maine Yankee in Maine, and Sizewell in the United Kingdom) have been located on the coast. Don has also co-authored an article in Coastal Management on evacuation from the hurricane threat in the Chesapeake Bay.
Don would like to see the diffusion of coastal and marine courses to all college geography programs located in the coastal zone. As President of the National Council for Geographic Education in 1997, he would also like to see coastal and marine themes, both human and physical, permeate geographic education at both the collegiate and pre-collegiate levels.
Paul Gares, current Coma chair, just passed the quarter-century mark on his B.A., which he received from Middlebury College in 1972. From Middlebury he went on to graduate school at Syracuse University, where he focused on water resources, and earned his M.A. in 1975. Paul completed his Ph.D. at Rutgers in 1987. For his dissertation he investigated differences in topographic changes in coastal sand dunes at developed and undeveloped sites. Paul taught at Ohio University from 1983 to 1985, at Colgate University from 1985 to 1992, and has been on the faculty at East Carolina University since 1992. His research interests include aeolian sediment transport, dune development, coastal hazards, and coastal management, and, among other studies, he is currently working on a four-year USDA project on erosion from agricultural fields. Paul has served the specialty group extensively as a member of the board of directors, as secretary/treasurer from 1989 to 1995, and as vice chair from 1995 to 1997.


From the University of Arizona...
Serge Dedina of the Department of Geography and Regional Development and Bob McCready of the School for Field Studies (SFS) have been involved in the planning and development of the Center for Wetland Studies in Magdalena Bay, Baja California Sur, Mexico. The Center opened in 1997 and provides study and research opportunities for approximately 100 undergraduates annually. Research at the Center will focus on mangrove wetland and tropical estuarine issues in general, and specifically on the bay's fisheries resources, aquaculture projects, marine mammals, sea turtle populations, habitat destruction, and the sustainable ecological, social, and economic development of the region. The overriding goal of the Center is to engage students in an educational and research program oriented toward the effective management of the marine and coastal resources of Magdalena Bay.
The Center would like to encourage proposals for collaborative research from researchers from U.S. institutions interested in coastal and marine geography. SFS is the largest private university educational institution in the U.S. designed to give students the opportunity to contribute to critical environmental management issues in various threatened ecosystems. For more information contact Bob McCready, Director, School for Field Studies, Center for Wetland Studies, A.P. 270, La Paz, B.C.S., 23000, Mexico. From the U.S. phone or fax Bob at 011-52-112-53516; in Mexico dial 112-53516.

From Oregon State University...
Oregon State Geosciences, in cooperation with their Marine Resource Management Program, is pleased to announce the graduation of Larissa Lubomudrov, who recently completed her master's thesis under the supervision of Dawn Wright. Larissa's thesis, "Application of Scientific Information in Marine Resource Management: Three Case Studies," deals with various issues of GIS database design and analysis, metadata creation, and resource management as applied to three diverse scenarios: larval dispersion of hydrothermal vent fauna along a seafloor-spreading center, treatment of ship ballast water for harmful micro-organisms in a freshwater lake, and marine protected areas along the Pacific coast. Larissa defended her thesis in June and will now be pursuing a Ph.D. at the University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and the Environment.
Oregon State Geosciences teamed with that University's College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences on a successful proposal to NASA for a new GIS and scientific visualization laboratory. In the spring of 1998, two new labs will be created, each with 10-15 Sun workstations and peripherals. One lab will be housed in Geosciences for teaching (primarily in GIS and coastal/marine studies) and the second will be housed in Oceanography for graduate student research projects (also in GIS and coastal/marine studies). Congratulations to co-PIs Sherman Bloomer of Geosciences and Nick Pisias of Oceanography!
Taylor and Francis has given a preliminary go-ahead for a new book, entitled "Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems," to be edited by Dawn Wright of Oregon State and Darius Bartlett of University College, Cork, Ireland. They are aiming for a release date coincident with the International Year of the Ocean. Please see the full prospectus on the web at and contact Dawn if you are interested in contributing or in being informed of the volume's progress.
Dawn Wright would very much like to see "marine" sessions at upcoming AAG meetings. Please contact her at the Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 97331-5506 ( if you have any interest or potential interest in participating in future marine sessions.

From Rich Daniels...
Rich is working on the Southwest Washington Coastal Erosion Study with the Washington State Department of Ecology. Check out their web page at

From You, Your Agency, or Department...
This is your newsletter. Please share your coastal and marine geography news and announcements with other members of our specialty group. You may send relevant items for upcoming issues to the secretary-treasurer at any time.


Over last few years, membership in the specialty group has hovered close to 200. Roughly 80% of our members remain with the special group year after year. The AAG has email addresses for only about 30% of our members. Mailing addresses as of December 1997 include 35 U.S. states, Puerto Rico, Washington, D.C., and six foreign countries. The present distribution of Coma members is as follows: Australia 2, Belgium 1, Canada 5, England 1, Greece 1, Poland 1; Alabama 1, Arizona 4, California 27, Colorado 2, Connecticut 3, Delaware 1, Florida 19, Hawaii 4, Illinois 4, Indiana 1, Kansas 1, Louisiana 11, Maine 1, Maryland 15, Massachusetts 14, Michigan 4, Mississippi 1, Missouri 1, Nebraska 1, New Hampshire 1, New Jersey 13, New Mexico 1, New York 5, North Carolina 10, Ohio 4, Oregon 6, Pennsylvania 6, Puerto Rico 1, South Carolina 5, South Dakota 1, Tennessee 5, Texas 8, Utah 1, Virginia 7, Washington 3, Washington, D.C. 1, Wisconsin 5.


1998 Ocean Sciences Meeting--February 9-13, 1998, San Diego, CA; sponsored by the American Geophysical Union and the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography; contact AGU, 1998 Ocean Sciences Meeting, 2000 Florida Avenue NW, Washington, DC, 20009, (800) 966-2481.

The Land-Water Interface: Science for a Sustainable Biosphere--June 7-12, 1998, St. Louis, Missouri; co-sponsored by American Society of Limnology and Oceanography and Ecological Society of America; emphasizes the land-water interface of both fresh and saltwater systems, with the goal of strengthening connections between research and management; email Susan Weiler ( or visit the conference homepage at aslo.or/aslo1998.html.

Eighth Pacific Congress on Marine Science and Technology: Toward the 21st Century--A Pacific Era--June 16-20, 1998, Seoul, South Korea; contact N. Saxena, PACO International, P.O. Box 11568, Honolulu, HI, 96828-0568, (808) 956-6163, or email

ICCE '98: The 26th International Conference on Coastal Engineering--June 22-26, 1998, Copenhagen, Denmark; practical solutions and review papers on theory, measurement, modelling, and studies of coastal oceanography, meteorology, sedimentology, structures, environment, shore protection, navigation channels, harbors, and ports; co-sponsored by the Society of Danish Engineers and the Coastal Engineering Research Council of the American Society of Civil Engineers; for more information visit

International Deltas Symposium--August 23-29, 1998, New Orleans, Louisiana; a multi-disciplinary forum for interaction among scientists, engineers, and decision-makers involved in compiling and assessing data and information on the status and trends of the world's deltas; oral papers, posters, exhibits, and displays; see

Coastal Zone Canada '98: Community-Based Integrated Coastal Management: Sharing Our Experience--Building Our Knowledge--August 30-September 3, 1998, Victoria, B.C.; the goal of this fourth Coastal Zone Canada conference is to help prepare coastal communities for developing, implementing, and monitoring coastal management plans into the 21st century; contributions will be from science, industry, government, and communities; write CZC98, Institute of Ocean Sciences, P.O. Box 6000, Sidney, B.C., Canada, V8L 4B2; email; view

Rapid Coastal Changes in the Late Quaternary: Processes, Causes, Modelling, Impacts on Coastal Zones--September 10-19, 1998, Corinth and Samos, Greece; papers will focus on such rapid events as earthquakes, tsunamis, storms, rapid climatic, eustatic, isostatic, or tectonic episodes, on their geomorphological effects, and on their relations to present and possible events in the near future; contact Stathis C. Stiros, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Patras, 26500 Patras, Greece,

Symposium on Marine Pollution--October 5-9, 1998, Monaco; email N. Andersen at

29th Annual Binghamton Geomorphology Symposium: Coastal Systems--November 6-8, 1998 (tentative date), Woods Hole Institute, MA; papers will concern the state of research regarding coastal geomorphic systems; contact Paul Gares at the address listed on the first page of this newsletter.